Angela Soracco of Silver Cougars of America has sent a letter quite concerned about the current inflation of 9%. Silver Cougars of America is an organization of senior citizens and they are being heavily relaint on Social Security day by day. How can the government implement monetary policies to help old seniors to lay off the inflation burden?
There are two ways to control the inflation. First is to increase the interest rate and second is to cut down the money supply on the market. First of all, by increasing the interest rate, many people will tend to save their money and not spend. This will lower the demand-pulled inflation to some degree. Also, by cutting down the money supply flowing through the market, the value of the currency will go up and therefore it will lower the inflation rate.
Nonetheless, there is one serious drawback to this policy. It will aggravate the negative economic growth and skyrocket unemployment rate in return. So, there is a trade off. Governments would look at the opportunity costs of implementing this policy and consider whether it will be worth of a try or a bad choice.